Western Red Cedar
- ORIGIN: Western Red Cedar grows along the British Colombian Coast, in the wet belt of the Interior and in nearby western states of the USA including Washington, Oregon, Montana and Idaho where the climate is cool, mild and moist.
- APPEARANCE: It is a large tree, up to 90 meters tall when fully mature and 2.5 metes in diameter. A versatile timber, that is dimensional stable and is not prone to shrinkage or swelling.
- DRIED WEIGHT: 23 lbs/ft3
- WORKABILITY: one of North America’s most durable woods, its low density and consistency make it an ideal wood to cut, saw, nail and glue.
- PRICE/AVAILABILITY: Construction-grade lumber is inexpensive, but the higher grades of clear, straight-grained lumber can be more expensive due to high demand and short suppply.
- ORIGIN: Yellow Cedar is found only on the Pacific Coast of North America as is the most rot resistant and stronger than Western Red Cedar.
- APPEARANCE:As a medium sized tree, Yellow Cedar is commonly about 25m in height with a broad flared base, from 60cm to over 1m in diameter. Distinctive and uniform yellow color, the wood is fine in texture and has a straight grain.
- DRIED WEIGHT: 31 lbs/ft3
- WORKABILITY: Excellent strength and wear properties as well as good impact resistance. Yellow Cedar is also highly bug resistant and used extensively where wood boring pests are a concern. has
- PRICE/AVAILABILITY: Supply is limited and prices are generlly high particularly for clear pieces free of knots.
- ORIGIN: Spruce-pine-fir, or SPF, is the generic name for a variety of softwood species from North America and used for housing construction frames.
- APPEARANCE:SPF is soft, straight, even-grained, medium to fine-textured, and produces a lustrous finish. The heartwood is a pale yellowish white, and there is little difference between the heartwood and sapwood
- DRIED WEIGHT: Averaging around 29 lbs/ft3
- WORKABILITY: Affrodability, light weight and easy workability make it an excellent choice for house construction.
- PRICE/AVAILABILITY : Pricing is modest and in ampel supply.
- ORIGIN: Eastern hemlock (Tsuga canadensis) plants its roots from Canada south to Georgia and west across the Great Lakes states to Minnesota. Western hemlock (Tsuga heterophylla), sometimes called Pacific hemlock, thrives in the moist coastal ranges from Alaska to northern California.
- APPEARANCE : A large tree, it usually grows 30 to 50 meters tall, heartwood is light reddish brown.
- DRIED WEIGHT: 29 lbs/ft3
- WORKABILITY: Used often for construction but as a softwood is not durable and requires treatment for external use.
- PRICE/AVAILABILITY : Pricing is modest and hemlock widely available in the West and Midwest.
- ORIGIN: Douglas Fir is the most common forest tree of North West America where it grows in association with Sitka Spruce and Western Red Cedar. Its natural range is along the Pacific coast from British Columbia to California and inland as far east as Colorado and New Mexico.
- APPEARANCE: A light brown color with a hint of red and/or yellow, with darker growth rings.
- DRIED WEIGHT: 32 lbs/ft3
- WORKABILITY: Customers worldwide have relied on Douglas-Fir for its durability, stiffness, strength and beauty, often used for heavy structural purposes such as framing and laminated beams and for indoor and outdoor applications such as flooring and paneling.
- PRICE/AVAILABILITY: Widely available as construction lumber for a modest price